This Broken Rites article explains how the Catholic Church harboured Brother Robert Charles Best in Australia for many years while he committed crimes (including buggery) against young schoolboys. Colleagues of Brother Best knew about his crimes but covered up for him, a court has been told. Brother Best is already in jail but, despite his crimes, he is still being accepted by the Christian Brothers as a member of their Order. That is, this convicted criminal is still officially "Brother" Best. More of Brother Best's victims are still contacting Victoria's child-protection police, and on 2 March 2017 a court sentenced Best to more time in jail after he pleaded guilty to indecently assaulting a further 20 of his victims.
The March 2017 sentencing is mentioned towards the end of this article under the sub-heading "Another sentencing in 2017".
During Brother Best's various court proceedings, the Christian Brothers spent more than $1.5 million in legal fees in defending Best (and fighting the victims), according to evidence which the Christian Brothers Order gave to the Australia's national child-abuse Royal Commission in 2015.
This Broken Rites article begins by giving some background about Brother Best's life of crime — and the church's cover-up.
Broken Rites has been researching Brother Robert Charles Best since his victims began contacting the newly-established Broken Rites group in 1993. Broken Rites advised these victims to have a chat with detectives from the Victoria Police child-abuse investigation units (instead of merely telling the offending organisation, the Catholic Church, as some victims had been doing). The police (unlike the church) immediately began acting on behalf of these Broken Rites victims, and Brother Best was charged in court in 1996. As more of his victims gradually contacted Broken Rites and/or the detectives, Best made many more court appearances over the next 20 years, with several jail sentences.
A Broken Rites researcher has been present in court during Best's various court appearances since 1996.
Broken Rites was present in court in 1996, when it was stated that Robert Charles Best was born on 1 January 1941. He was educated in Catholic schools at Warrnambool (western Victoria) and Bundoora (Melbourne) to Year 12, although he had difficulties with Year 12, the court was told. That is, Bob Best was himself a product of the Christian Brothers.
In 1960, aged 19, he entered a Christian Brothers novitiate (training college) to become a Brother. He began teaching (as "Brother" Best) in Fremantle (Western Australia) in 1963 and in Launceston (Tasmania) in 1967, teaching up to Grades 6 and 7. He was active in sport and in choir practice, the court was told. To his colleagues, he was known as Brother Bob Best or Brother Bobby Best.
Victorian courts have no jurisdiction over Brother Best's behaviour in Western Australia or Tasmania in the early 1960s. The Victorian charges against Best are confined to Victorian matters, which date from the late 1960s onwards.
From 1968 to 1973 (inclusive), when Best was aged from 27 to 32, he taught at St Alipius parish primary school for boys in Ballarat East, where he also acted as the headmaster. (The name of the school is pronounced as "Saint Al-LEEP-ee-us".) While working at this school, he resided at St Patrick's College (a secondary boarding school in Ballarat), where he also supervised a dormitory.
Around these years, the St Alipius school usually had only four teachers at a time. Apart from Best, three other St Alipius teachers have been the subject of sex-abuse complaints. These are: Brother Edward Dowlan (who was jailed), Brother Stephen Farrell (who was given a two-year suspended jail sentence) and Brother Fitzgerald (now dead, therefore it is too late now to prosecute him). The school chaplain was Father Gerald Ridsdale (who was later jailed).
The court was told that in 1974 the Christian Brothers removed Best from Ballarat (and from all teaching duties) and sent him to Melbourne for 12 months, where he would be officially attached to a Catholic so-called "national pastoral institute", while living with Melbourne Christian Brothers. Likewise, the Ballarat diocese sent the above-mentioned child-abuser Father Gerald Ridsdale to spend a year based at this "institute" after parents complained to the church (instead of to the police) about Ridsdale's crimes in western Victoria (Ridsdale, of course, committed further child-sex crimes in Melbourne while he was based at this "institute").
The Christian Brothers administration then again turned Best loose on children - in Melbourne. It is believed that in 1974 Best spent a brief time at St Bernard's College, Moonee Ponds (in Melbourne's north-west), where Father Michael Glennon (Iater jailed) was giving "religious education" lessons to pupils. Evidently, Best was soon removed from this school.
From 1975 to 1985 (inclusive), Best taught at St Leo's College (Christian Brothers) in Box Hill (in Melbourne's East), teaching Grade 6 for three years and junior secondary classes after that, the court was told. He was the superior of the ten Christian Brothers living at Box Hill. He attended school camps at Shoreham on the Mornington Peninsula, south-east of Melbourne.
In 1985-89 he taught at St Joseph's College, Geelong, where he was the Year 8 co-ordinator.
In 1989-94, he taught at Warrnambool Christian Brothers College (also called St Joseph's) in south-western Victoria. Here he specialised in teaching Year 9, not the primary-school grades. He was the superior of the Warrnambool Christian Brothers Community, the court was told. (This school later evolved into Emmanuel College, a co-ed school).
During 1994 a former pupil from St Alipius, Ballarat, contacted the Victoria Police sexual offences and child-abuse unit. In December 1994, when Brother Bob Best was aged 53, detectives from Ballarat interviewed Best at Warrnambool, regarding the Ballarat school. The detectives then located more ex-students from Ballarat.
According to notes taken by Broken Rites in court (at the various hearings), Brother Best hand-picked the victims he deemed most vulnerable and inflicted sex acts upon them at school camps, swimming lessons, during sports days, in classrooms and his office. He even molested boys during "religious instruction" lessons — that is, while educating them about the Catholic religion.
In the indecent assaults, Best would first maul a boy's buttocks and genital area. In some of the indecent assaults, he would also insert a finger into the boy's anus, the court was told. (Whenever an incident developed into buggery, this placed the crime into a more serious category, with longer jail sentences.)
Despite this, the Christian Brothers kept Best in the Order, and continued to give him access to new victims.
When some victims eventually consulted the police (many years after leaving school), the Christian Brothers spent mega-dollars defending Brother Best (and fighting the victims) during 20 years of criminal court proceedings lasting from 1996 to 2016.
Broken Rites was present in the Melbourne County Court in 1996, when Best was charged with eight counts of indecent assault (that is, indecent touching) involving five boys, aged 11 or 12, while they were at St Alipius. The court was told that Best would put his hand into the trousers of the boys and would interfere with their private parts. Brother Best's status as a Christian Brother, in a Catholic school, helped to protect Best. Victims later testified that, if they had told their parents about Best in the 1970s, the parents would not believe that such offences could occur in a Catholic parish.
Church lawyers applied for the right to have a separate jury for each complainant. Judge Michael Mclnerney granted this application.
To ensure a fair trial, the court granted Best a media-suppression order, forbidding media outlets from mentioning any of Best's trials until after the final jury was finished. Therefore, each jury believed that there was only one complainant and that the offence was an isolated occurrence.
One of the juries in 1996 returned a verdict of Guilty relating to Best's assaults on a boy who was aged 11 in Grade 6. This victim said that one of the assaults occurred during a "religious instruction" lesson. A student would be called up to the front of the class and would be instructed to read aloud out of the catechism, while standing next to Best, who was seating and wearing his "religious" robes. The victim said that while he recited from the catechism, Best put a hand inside the boy's clothes and "massaged" him indecently. The victim said that the other incident occurred at lunch-time when Best took him to a storeroom.
Sentencing Best regarding this victim, Judge McInerney gave Best a nine-months jail sentence, which was suspended.
In his sentencing remarks, Judge McInerney said that Best's offences against this boy were aggravated by several factors: Best's breach of trust as a teacher; his high rank as the school's principal; Best's knowledge "of right and wrong"; and the vulnerability of the victim who had been placed in Best's care. The judge noted that Best had not expressed remorse about his offences.
Despite his 1996 conviction, the Christian Brothers allowed Brother Bobby Best to remain in their order — that is, he continued to be "Brother". He was given an administrative role, working at a hostel for elderly Christian Brothers in The Avenue in Parkville, inner-Melbourne (near the Christian Brothers' Victorian headquarters).
Before the 1996 cases began in court, Broken Rites alerted Melbourne media outlets about this newsworthy story. As a result, the conviction of Best was reported in the Melbourne Herald Sun, 24 July 1996 (on page 1) and 25 July 1996; The Australian, 26 July 1996; and the Melbourne Age, 25 July 1996.
After the media publicity about Best's 1996 conviction, more former pupils contacted Broken Rites and/or the police, and therefore Best was brought back to the same court on additional charges in 1998.
The Christian Brothers again hired legal teams, including a Queens Counsel, to represent Best during the 1998 court proceedings. The church lawyers applied for (and, in most instances, were granted) the right to have a separate jury for each complainant. Supported by the church lawyers, Best again pleaded "Not Guilty" in trial after trial. The church lawyers fought the victims at every trial in 1998
The 1998 court proceedings resulted in Best being found guilty on six counts involving two of these boys (one aged 9 and one aged 11). The charges again involved indecent touching of the genital region.
Broken Rites was present in the Melbourne County Court on 27 March 1998 when Judge James Duggan sentenced Best to 24 months' jail (with a minimum of 12 months before becoming eligible for parole). In his sentencing remarks, the judge said Best had indecently abused a Grade 4 boy four times as he sat next to the pupil in class pretending to take an interest in his work. He also twice abused a Grade 6 boy in the school's sick bay, the judge said.
The judge said that Best's position of trust, in a religious order, made his offences worse. The judge said the victims had been unable, at the time, to lodge a complaint because Best was not only a Christian Brother but was also the school principal. He said the publicity surrounding the 1996 trial had finally given the victims the opportunity to come forward.
Broken Rites again alerted the media and therefore the 1998 cases were reported in the Melbourne Herald Sun and the Melbourne Age on 28 March 1998.
Church lawyers lodged an appeal against the 1998 convictions. On 23 July 1998, after three months in jail, Best won his appeal and the Appeal Court granted him the right to be given a new trial. The retrial did not go ahead.
After the 1998 court case, more of Best's ex-pupils contacted Broken Rites and/or the Victoria Police child-abuse unit. Between 2002 and 2008, Ballarat detectives interviewed these ex-pupils and collected statements from them. This time, there were victims from St Leo's College in Box Hill (Melbourne) and St Joseph's College in Geelong, as well as from St Alipius in Ballarat.
In each of these police interviews, Best replied "No comment".
When the new charges were first filed in court, church lawyers indicated that Best would plead "Not Guilty" to all charges. A preliminary ("committal") hearing into the new charges began in a magistrate's court in 2009, with the court closed to the public. Again, no media coverage was allowed for the committal hearing.
After hearing all the evidence, the magistrate ruled that there was sufficient evidence for a jury to convict Best. The case was then sent on to the Melbourne County Court, where Best's jury trials were held.
The trials were to involve 14 of Best's victims from the three schools. These 14 were not Brother Best's only victims at these schools — they are merely those who gave statements to the detectives. As usual in church-abuse cases, other boys remained silent.
During the church's lengthy delaying tactics (and after church lawyers had been fighting victims in the committal hearings), one of the 14 victims took his own life (that is, a victory for the Christian Brothers). This victim (Damien, aged 48 in 2009) had encountered Best as a schoolboy in Ballarat in the 1970s. According to Damien's family, he had been damaged not only by Best's crimes but also by the church's long record of harbouring and protecting Best.
Damien is survived by a teenage daughter in her early teens. It remains to be seen whether the Catholic Church will recognise its responsibilities to this child (and, if so, to what extent).
Broken Rites was present at Best's arraignment in the Melbourne County Court on 26 July 2009, when he was formally charged with forty incidents involving 13 boys at the three schools. The charges at this arraignment included:
As each of the 40 charges was read out in court, Best was asked each time how he pleaded. Each time, he answered in a loud voice "Not Guilty".
At this arraignment, the church lawyers indicated that they were seeking a separate jury for each of the 13 victims. Furthermore, the defence requested a delay in starting the trials because Best was booked for a medical operation later in 2009.
In 2010 Best began appearing in the Melbourne County Court, for pre-trial proceedings with Judge Roy Punshon.
After Best's lawyers applied to have 13 separate juries, Judge Punshon decided that there should be eleven juries.
The trials were held, one after the other, in a closed court, beginning in late 2010. Again, the court placed a media-suppression order on reporting the trials. None of the juries could be told that there had been a previous trial regarding a different victim or that further juries were to follow this one.
During these proceedings, another former student was added to the case, increasing the total charges from 40 to 43.
The first trial began in December 2010 and this jury found Best guilty of having committed buggery against nine-year-old Paul in Ballarat in 1969.
Brother Best was then locked up in a remand prison pending the completion of all the remaining trials, with all sentencing to be done after the final trial.
In the early months of 2011, while Best was still in the remand prison, five more jury trials were held, all conducted by Judge Punshon. Best was brought to the court from the prison on the days that the court was sitting. Two juries returned a verdict of Not Guilty regarding two victims, while the other juries returned a verdict of Guilty regarding their victims
In late May 2011, the court was about to begin hearing the final batch of charges, involving three boys. As well as indecent assault (indecent touching), these final charges included two serious charges:
On 30 May 2011, as the seventh jury was about to begin, the church lawyers indicated that, instead of his existing plea of Not Guilty for the "Jamie" penetration charges, Best would change his plea to Guilty regarding Jamie if the penetration charges were reduced to "indecent assault".
This Guilty plea — the first Guilty plea ever made by Best in court proceedings spanning 15 years — averted the need for any further trials. The Director of Public Prosecutions then cancelled the remaining trials.
This meant that the media-suppression order was immediately lifted on the whole Best case, allowing the media to mention the 2010-2011 proceedings for the first time. Broken Rites contacted all media outlets to alert them to the Brother Best sentencing.
After Best's guilty plea, Judge Punshon adjourned the proceedings, pending a pre-sentence hearing to be held in on 25 July 2011.
In all, in 2010-2011, Best was found guilty (or pleaded guilty) to 27 charges involving 11 victims. These charges included one of buggery of nine-year-old Paul, two of aggravated indecent assault and 24 of indecent assault (that is, indecent touching).
Buggery of a child carries a maximum sentence of 20 years.
Best's pleas of "Not Guilty" indicate that he had not expressed remorse about any of his offences, not even for the final batch for which he changed his plea to "Guilty".
When Best's lawyers suddenly lodged Best's guilty plea in court on 30 May 2011, the Christian Brothers Order was ready with a public statement which it immediately sent to media outlets. The Order issued the statement through a public relations firm that handles publicity for the Catholic Church in Melbourne. The statement said that it was being issued on behalf of the Christian Brothers Oceania (that is, Australia and the Pacific). It said:
The statement gave the phone numbers of the church's public relations firm, where the media could make any further inquiries.
The apology was specifically limited to those complainants who managed to convict Best in the 2010-2011 trials. The apology did not mention the victim in the 1996 conviction and it did not extend to any other boys who had been harmed by Best.
In 2011, the court convicted Best of 27 sexual crimes, committed against 11 young boys. The convictions included:
A Broken Rites researcher was present in court on 8 August 2011, when Best was sentenced to 14 years and nine months jail (eligible for parole after serving 11 years and three months).
The convictions in 2011 related to when Best was working as a teacher — and in some cases was the principal — at three schools in the state of Victoria.
During all these years, the Christian Brothers Order continued to accept Robert Charles Best as a member of the Christian Brothers. After his sentencing on 8 August 2011, the Christian Brothers Order announced that it will continue to accept Brother Best as a member during and after his time in jail.
Two of the impact statements were read aloud to the court by a prosecutor. The other victims recited their impact statements personally to the crowded courtroom, which was filled with victims and their support persons.
The first impact statement presented to the pre-sentence hearing in 2011 was from the victim Paul who was a nine-year-old boy in Grade 3 at the Ballarat school in 1969. At the trial in late 2010 concerning the Paul matters, a jury found Best guilty of committing buggery against this boy.
[This 1969 crime was not necessarily the first child-sex crime ever committed by Best — Paul was merely the earliest victim who was selected by the prosecutors to participate in the 2010-2011 court proceedings. Most of Best's ex-students have remained silent about his treatment of them. Some of Best's victims have merely tipped off the church authorities, through the the church's in-house Towards Healing process, instead of consulting the police.]
Paul, who had a disability (he was born profoundly deaf), said in his impact statement (which was read out by the prosecutor), that other clergy knew what Best was doing — and this knowledge has worsened Paul's life-long feeling of hurt.
Paul was in Brother Gerald Fitzgerald's Grade 3 class. Brother Best (the school principal, who was teaching Grade 6) called Paul to his office. Aware of Best's fondness for belting the boys, the nervous child entered and was told by Best: "It's all right. Just want to talk to you."
Best then sexually penetrated the boy (defined in court as "penis into anus"), the court was told.
Soon afterwards, Paul told his own class teacher, Brother Fitzgerald, what Best had done. Fitzgerald responded by hitting him, the court heard. Fitzgerald then asked the boy again what happened and when the boy repeated the claim he was struck again. After being asked a third time, the boy replied: "Nothing happened."
The court was told that Paul could not bring himself to tell his parents, so he approached a Catholic priest. The priest responded with a "backhander" and threatened his life, saying: 'If you tell anyone what happened I will f***ing kill you'.
The court was also told that, on one occasion, Brother Fitzgerald walked into a room where Best molesting a boy and forcing one of his schoolmates to join in the abuse. Brother Fitzgerald merely chuckled and closed the door, the court heard.
Another victim ("Jamie" — not his real name), who was born in 1974, told the court in his impact statement in 2011 that he was in grade 6 at St Joseph's College in Geelong when Best repeatedly assaulted him. Jamie alleged that on one occasion in 1986 Best assaulted him in the presence of another Christian Brother, referred to in court as Brother "W".
The court heard that the boy asked Brother "W" if he should tell his father what happened. He was told: "No you can't do that, this is our secret."
In his impact statement, Jamie told how Best's crimes caused him to develop suicidal tendencies and how he became isolated and unable to form relationships with females.
Jamie's statement condemned the church's vigorous support of Best through the latest and previous trials. Jamie said that, in choosing to fight the victims, the church authorities "have worked to rub salt into the wounds they inflicted"
Jamie stated: "The church's support of this monster during his crimes and later during his defence demonstrates complicity in the assaults."
[The charges to which Best pleaded guilty on 30 May 2011 included some of the offences against "Jamie". After the guilty plea, the prosecutors dropped some other charges concerning Jamie. The guilty plea made a jury trial unnecessary in Jamie's case — and this therefore could have prevented the public from learning the full details of Jamie's allegations relating to Brother "W". When Jamie recited his victim impact statement from the witness box at the pre-sentence hearing, this was his only opportunity to tell his story in court, including his mention of Brother "W".]
Judge Punshon then adjourned the proceedings for two weeks while he attended to other commitments. During this time, the judge would also carry out the complicated task of calculating Best's total term of imprisonment, plus the legal reasons for fixing such a prison sentence.
Broken Rites was present in court on 8 August 2011 when Best (aged 70) was brought from the remand prison to hear the sentence details.
In his sentencing remarks, Judge Punshon told Best that his crimes had caused enormous misery and harm. The crimes were grave breach of trust from someone who was a teacher and a spiritual guide. Best, along with some of his Christian Brother colleagues, had preyed on vulnerable boys who were powerless to complain, the judge said. He also noted that Best had not resigned from the Christian Brothers, nor had he been asked to.
Judge Punshon imposed a separate jail sentence for each of the 27 offences. Added together, end-to-end, the sentences would amount to a total of nearly 50 years. The longest of these sentences was six years for raping the nine-year-old Grade 3 student (Paul) at Ballarat in 1969.
Some of the sentences were to be served cumulatively but most concurrently.
In the final calculation, Best was to serve a maximum of 14 years and nine months. He will be eligible for parole after serving 11 years and three months. The term of imprisonment was dated to begin from 10 December 2010, when he was locked up in remand prison after the first jury returned its Guilty verdict.
After Best's 2011 sentencing, it seemed that he could be 81 years old when he qualifies for parole. But, if more victims contact the Victoria Police detectives after 2011, this could result in more jail time for Best.
The police investigations of Brother Robert Charles Best were conducted by the Ballarat Criminal Investigation Unit of the Victoria Police, under the supervision of Detective Sergeant Kevin Carson.
By 2011, Sergeant Kevin Carson had spent much of the past decade receiving, and investigating, complaints about Brother Best and other offenders such as Father Gerald Ridsdale.
Sgt Carson told an Australian Associated Press journalist on 5 August 2011 that many more people were damaged other than those whose names have appeared on the court charge sheets. The additional victims, he said, would include 26 suicides, victims who were assaulted as boys by Best, Dowlan and Ridsdale.
Sergeant Carson believes there are many more victims who have not yet come forward.
"A lot of these boys — men now — waited until their parents died before they said anything," he said. "They were too ashamed, or too concerned their parents would blame themselves."
He is also certain that other victims will find it too difficult to cope with what Best and other clergy did to them.
Sgt Carson is particularly distressed about the victim named Damien (who was to have been Victim Number 14 in the 2009-2011 court process) who suicided while the church lawyers were delaying and prolonging the court procedures.
Sgt Carson said the victims' parents, also, were victims. Those parents who are still alive are elderly and have tremendous difficulty coming to terms with revelations their sons were too scared to make at the time of the crimes.
"Many of the parents I've spoken to just cry in front of me, mothers who couldn't believe something like this could happen," Sergeant Carson said. "It breaks their hearts."
Sgt Carson is from an age-group that is similar to some of the victims in the Ballarat diocese.
Kevin Carson himself grew up in the city of Ballarat — in a Catholic family of nine children. But fortunately, he and his siblings all went to St Columba's primary school in a different part of the city — not St Alipius primary, where Brother Best, Bother Dowlan and Father Ridsdale were operating.
Sergeant Carson feels relieved that he escaped the fate of the victims whom he met during his investigation.
Despite his crimes, the Christian Brothers administration admitted to Australia's child abuse Royal Commission in 2015 that Best is still accepted by the Christian Brothers as a member of the Order. Christian Brothers leader Brother Peter Clinch said there were no plans to expel Best from the Order and said that Best remains free to call himself a Brother.
After the jailing of Best in 2011, more of his victims contacted the Victoria Police. An investigation was conducted by the new Sano Taskforce, based in Melbourne. As a result, on 4 November 2016, Robert Charles Best appeared before Melbourne Magistrates Court, via video link from prison, to admit to further crimes committed between 1968 and 1982, and in Geelong in 1987 and 1988.
In the Melbourne County Court on 20 February 2017, Brother Best (now 76) pleaded guilty to indecently assaulting 20 boys (all of primary-school age, between eight and eleven) at Catholic schools where Best was working.
Best committed these offences between 1968 and 1988 while teaching at: St Alipius primary school in Ballarat: St Leo’s College in Box Hill; St Bernard's in Moonee Ponds; and St Joseph’s College in Geelong.
The prosecutor told the court that, in several incidents, Best indecently assaulted the boys while they were in the school’s sick bay.
Best would “check on the boys” and feel their foreheads before putting his hand down their school shorts and touching their genitals, the court heard.
Best also molested one student during choir practice in the presence of other children by putting his hand inside the boy’s shorts.
Brother Best comforted several of his young victims when they started crying by saying “you’re OK” and reassuring them everything was all right.
On other occasions, Best ordered the boys “not to tell anyone what happened”, Mr Rose said.
Most of the abuse took place in Best’s office. One student was summoned to Best’s office and arrived to find Best with his genitals exposed.
Another student told Best to “f--- off you dirty old bastard” after the Christian brother placed his hand down the boy’s shorts.
Best also told one student to “be a man” after the boy started crying after he was molested.
Best had asked the boy to come to his office to discuss a disappointing test score when Best touched his genitals.
This February 2017 pre-sentence hearing was an opportunity for any of the 20 victims to present a Victim Impact Statement to the court, telling the judge how Best's offence (and the church's culture of silence) affected this victim's later life. Ten victims submitted an statement. The impact statements recounted the victims' ongoing struggles with problems such as alcohol addiction, relationships and employment, and broken relationships with their families.
Several of these victims had attempted suicide.
The defence lawyer admitted at the pre-sentence hearing that the Christian Brothers are continuing to fund Best’s legal bill. Best was referred to by his lawyer as "Brother" Best. Judge Geoffrey Chettle noted the "hypocrisy as breathtaking". He told the pre-sentence hearing that it was "gobsmacking" that there was ongoing and regular abuse of children by of Best, whilst he purported to be their pastoral carer.
At a final hearing, on 2 March 2017, Judge Chettle formally sentenced Best to an additional 10 years and five months in jail regarding these 20 additional victims.
Best's earliest release date will be in 2027, when he will be 86 years old.
Sentencing Best, Judge Chettle told him: "Your offending was horrific, you were correctly described by one of your victims as a monster. You caused lifelong misery for many people."
Judge Chettle said Best's victims had experienced problems with drugs and alcohol, attempted suicide, battles with employment, and feelings of shame, fear and isolation.
The judge told Best: "I accept it's highly likely you will die in prison."
For more about Brother Edward Dowlan, who was also convicted in 1996 (at the same time as Brother Robert Charles Best's first conviction), see another Broken Rites article HERE. The Dowlan article includes some material about Brother Robert Charles Best, including the tactics of the church lawyers in trying to defeat the victims of both Best and Dowlan.
For more about Father Gerald Ridsdale, see a Broken Rites article about Ridsdale HERE.
The matters of Brother Best, Brother Dowlan and Father Ridsdale became front-page news in Melbourne in 1996. These cases (plus other Broken Rites cases which were entering the Melbourne courts) prompted Melbourne's new archbishop, George Pell, to go into damage control. With help from his lawyers and public-relations strategists, Pell soon announced a "Melbourne Response" scheme to give a modest (and "confidential") compensation payment to church-abuse victims if they signed away their right to sue the church for a proper amount.